The rest of Psalms, chapters 107-150, are the fifth and final book of the psalter.
Psalm 107 picks up where Book Four left off by utilizing declarative prayer of thanksgiving.
However, Ps 108 makes a request for victory over his enemies in battle. Psalm 109 asks for deliverance from enemies. The psalmist goes a step further and seeks not only to be saved but also for his enemies to be shamed and dishonored. Here we see that the psalmist was fasting, which was connected to the psalmist’s affliction and appeal for divine aid through prayer.
Psalm 110 is declarative and tied to the Davidic covenant.
Psalm 111 is declarative, seeking to praise God, as do Pss 112 and 113.
Psalm 114 is declarative, ruminating on Israel’s exodus.
Psalm 115 is declarative in an inquisitory and rhetorical fashion. The Lord is declared to be in the heavens and he does as he pleases, whereas idols cannot act. Unlike the idols, God blesses those who follow him, that is the house of Israel and those who fear him. The psalmist prays for prosperity for such people. In the end, the psalmist seeks praise for God.
Psalm 116 is a declarative and thanksgiving prayer. The psalmist declares that he loves the Lord, because the Lord has answered his prayers. He asked for healing when death was close, and he received it. He makes vows to the Lord as a result. In the end, the psalmist seeks praise for God.
Psalm 117, a most brief psalm, calls the nations of the world to praise the Lord, because his love is great and his faithfulness endures forever. In the end, the psalmist seeks praise for God.
Psalm 118 recounts victory in battle and gives thanks. The psalmist declares that God is his God and he will give thanks to him.
Psalm 119, hot on the heels of Ps 117, the shortest psalm of the psalter, spends eight verses for each letter of the Hebrew alphabet in an acrostic poem and meditates on God’s torah–his law, his teaching, his way. It follows in the vein of Ps 1. It begins, “Happy are those whose way is blameless, who walk in the law of the Lord.” It is a declarative and contemplative prayer. Yet, it makes several requests, such as, “Teach me, O Lord, the way of your statutes, and I will observe it to the end. Give me understanding, that I may keep your law and observe it with my whole heart.” Sometimes prayer is short. Other times prayer is long!
Psalm 120 requests deliverance from affliction. Psalm 121 declares trust in the Lord as helper. Psalm 122 is makes declaration as well as request, seeking peace for the city of Jerusalem.
Psalm 123 asks for deliverance from the proud.
Psalm 124 thanks the Lord for deliverance for the people.
Psalm 125 declares trust in the Lord and requests for the Lord to do good to them unlike evildoers.
Psalm 126 first declares that the Lord did great things for them and then asks the Lord to restore blessing upon them.
Psalm 127 declares of the blessings of children.
Psalm 128 declares of the blessings of families who fear the Lord. The psalmist seeks blessing on such families.
Psalm 129 declares the righteousness of the Lord and requests the downfall of one’s enemies.
Psalm 130 is a penitential psalm. In it the psalmist asks God to hear him. He inquires, “If you, O Lord, should mark iniquities, Lord, who could stand?” He declares that God provides forgiveness and he waits for the Lord. He calls the nation of Israel to hope in the Lord, who has love and redemption from iniquity.
In Ps 131, the psalmist expresses his lowly position and calls the nation of Israel to hope in the Lord.
The David covenant comes to the foreground in Ps 132, for the psalmist recalls it to mind in this declarative prayer.
Psalm 133 declares the value of unity.
Psalm 134 calls the servants of God to bless the Lord and asks God to bless them.
Psalms 135-136 are praise and thanksgiving psalms.
One of the lowest points of the psalter is Ps 137. The psalmist expresses his lowly position and seeks retribution from God for the people, even taking hope in the genocide of Babylon’s children because of the destruction the Babylonian’s brought upon the people.
Psalm 138 turns back to thanksgiving.
Psalm 139 meditates on God’s wonderful knowledge and asks for deliverance from enemies. Psalms 140-143 also request deliverance from enemies.
Psalm 144 blesses the Lord who helps prepare the people for war and asks God for his blessing in battle.
Psalm 145 praises God for his wonderful deeds, for his grace and mercy. It declares God to be a faithful and just king.
Psalm 146 begins a high note of praise that will carry out through the rest of the book. It praises God as creator and savior, and Ps 147 follows this theme.
Psalm 148 calls the heavens and the earth to praise God.
Psalm 149 calls the nation to praise the Lord.
Psalm 150 calls the people to praise God in his temple and with instruments.